Special Report

On January 21, 2017 all climate change information has been deleted from the White House website with all references to climate change and global warming scrubbed and replaced by the America First Energy Plan, which no longer advocates in ways that fully or fairly reflect our changing reality.  On January 25, 2017 the same thing was ordered to be done at the EPA.  As a result this website kalihiwaireservoir.info will now have Climate Change News and Opinions posted in the Newsletter section starting this month.  I have written to my Senators and Congresswoman and this letter will be the first posting for January 2017.

Earth's surface temperatures in 2016 were the warmest since modern record keeping began in 1880, with the last three years in a row recording record historical highs.  Oceans are becoming more acidic by 30% since the Industrial Revolution, with an added 37-50% predicted by the end of this century. This already has produced a reduction in our fish populations and their habitat. 

Plants and animals are stressed by the high temperatures and on some islands there is now a reduction in rainfall, limiting supplies of fresh drinking water, with some islands already disappearing, storms getting heavier, weather more bizarre and unpredictable.  Climate change increases the spread of invasive species, pathogens, and diseases, which adversely affects the populations of native plants, birds, and freshwater organisms. 

Carbon Dioxide up 405.25 parts per million
Global Temperatures up 1.78 degrees since 1880
Arctic Ice minimum down 13.3 % per decade
Land Ice down 281.0 Gigatonnes per year
climate.nasa.gov - This data collection funding is also in jeopardy. 

Kalihiwai Reservoir built in 1920 is privately owned, not a public facility, that serves the community of Kalihiwai Ridge.  Its water is part of a gravity fed system serving its downstream neighbors in Kilauea on the North shore of the island of Kaua'i. It is listed as a wetland habitat with the USFWS. Of the five endemic endangered Hawaiian waterbirds, three live and breed at lakeside and enjoy the lake year round. Two, the stilt and duck, are currently only visitors.

Reservoir History
It started millions of years ago, of course, with volcanoes doing all the foundational development work. Then the farmers of the mid 1800’s in this area used this land more for cattle than sugar, rice or coffee, but they were aware of times of drought.
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Mt Waialeale, at an elevation of 5,208 feet, had a rain gage installed in 1928 that could measure up to 900 inches of rainfall for the year. Considered one of the top two wettest places on earth we now have yearly averages of 350-400 inches.  
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Endangered Waterbirds
The native Hawaiian waterbirds, the stilt, coot, moorhen, duck, and goose were once abundant throughout the Hawaiian Islands, but due to diminished habitat, predation and a variety of other causes their populations have dwindled severely.
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